Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains account for 40% of all athletic injuries!

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The ATFL/CFL are commonly affected.

Cause

Ankle sprains occur when there is excessive ankle inversion while foot is in plantar-flexion.

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Risk Factors

Patient Related

Patients who have limited dorsiflexion, decreased proprioception or balance deficiency are at greater risks of suffering an ankle sprain.

Environment Related

Patients who participate in sports played on hard surfaces, such as basketball or volleyball, are at an increased risk of suffering an ankle sprain as well.

Classification

Type
Ligament Disruption
Bruising/Swelling
Pain When Weight Bearing
Grade I
None
minimal
normal
Grade II
Stretched without tear
moderate
mild
Grade III
Complete tear
severe
severe

Diagnosis

A full comprehensive exam consists of x-rays, to rule out any fractures, and ankle stability tests, including the Anterior Drawer and Talar Tilt test.

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Treatment

Almost all ankle sprains can be treated without surgery. Treatment may vary depending on the severity of the sprain, but usually consists of a combination of RICE, immobilization and physical therapy.

Thank you for visiting! Please check out our other Learn pages to learn about the various injuries we treat in clinic!

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